Verb Type I is used when something is happening. As you learn these words you may want to use them as part of a story or after a question or in a phrase that is connected to another thought. To do that, you use the second ending.
|debwemagad||debwemigag||it is true|
|maamakaadendaagwad||maamakaadendaagwak||it is amazing|
|aabaate||aabaateg||it is warm|
|zoogipo||zoogipog||it is snowing|
|ziigwan||ziigwang||it is spring|
|niibin||niibing||it is summer|
|dagwaagin||dagwaagig||it is fall|
|biboon||biboong||it is winter|
|biidaaban||biidaabang||it is dawn|
|gigizhebaawagad||gigizhebaawagak||it is morning|
|minogizhebaawagad||minogizhebaawagak||it is a good morning|
|naawakwe/naakwe||naawakweg/naakweg||it is noon|
|onaagoshin/naagoshi||onaagoshig/naagoshig||it is evening|
|bangishimon/bangishmo||bangishimog/bangishmog||it is sunset or moonset|
|dibikad||dibikak||it is dark night|
- You Practice
Read and translate the following story with multiple examples of Verb Type 1 Second Endings.
Dagwaagig mii madweyaanimag Binaakwe-giizisong miinawaa zhaawanong
animwewebizowaad nikag epiichi ozhiitaawaad wii nibaawaad makwag
jibwaa zoogipog. Endaaso biidaabang miinawaa dibikak ikidoyaang “miigwechwigooyeg
maanidoog” onji maamakaadendaagwak minobimaadiziwin.
Note: In some areas the term for “ensa” is the same as “endaaso” and the term for living is simply “maadizi” which would make “minomaadizi” be the way to say “living well.”
- See Translation
Note: The literal translation does not sound elegant in English and the same would be true in the reverse. Languages do not translate exactly which is part of the fun in learning them!
Dagwaagig mii madweyaanimag Binaakwe-giizisong
In the fall then there is a sound during Falling-leaves-month
miinawaa zhaawanong animwewebizowaad nikag
and to the south they migrate the geese
epiichi ozhiitaawaad wii nibaawaad makwag jibwaa zoogipog.
while they finish going to sleep the bears before it snows.
Endaaso biidaabang miinawaa dibikak ikidoyaang
Each dawn and night we say
thank you to the spirits
onji maamakaadendaagwak minobimaadiziwin.
for all that is amazing and good in life.