Gaa-ezhiwebag (Burt Lake Band Statement of History)

The Memorial Wall Text

Zhiibaa’iganing-Anishinaabeg gaa-daawag omaa
The Burt Lake Band of Anishinaabe have lived

ginwenzh. 1836 naakonigewining 1000 diba’igaanan
on this land for centuries. The 1836 Treaty of

Anishinaabe-neyaashing gaa-miizhaawaad mii dash
Washington set aside 1000 acres of land on Indian

chimookomaanan bwaa-ganawenimigoowaad Anishinaabeg.
Point however, the government failed to protect it.

Aki dibaabaadaanaawaa 1840 miinawaa 1855
The land was surveyed in 1840 and 1855, mapping

ji-waabandamowaad oodenaang gitigewikamigoon.
out the Band’s Indian Village and farmlands. In the

Gaa-onaakonaanaawaa ingodwaaswi-diba’igaanan
late 1840’s the Band decided to purchase six parcels

ji-giishpinadoowaad. Ani 1855 gii-dibendaanaawaa
via Federal land patents. By 1855 they owned 375

375 diba’igaaadeg akiin, niizhtana mitigo-waakaa’iganan,
acres of Federal “In Trust to the Governor” land,

bezhig anama’ewigamig miinawaa bezhig jiibewigamig.
twenty log homes, a church and a cemetery.

Baanimaa a’aw aki zhooniyaa-inini gii-maajiidoon
Decades later, the “In Trust” lands were illegally taxed and

mii dash oodenaang wendaajig gii-ikonigaazowaad.
a local banker illegally seized the land, evicting the

Binaakwe-giizis 15, 1900, gii-giichigoshkaagoowaad
villagers. On October 15, 1900, the county sheriff

dakonininiwan izhi-daawaad jaagaakizaanid.
forced the residents from their homes and they were

Niizhwaasimidana-ashi-niizhwaaswi Zhiibaa’iganing
then burned to the ground. At least seventy-seven Band

Anishinaabeg izhi-daawag gii-banaajitoonid.
members lost their homes. Since that date, the Burt

Akwi Zhiibaa’iganing Anishinaabeg gagwejitoonaawaa
Lake Band has engaged in legal action to regain their

ji-nisidawaabamigoowaad Chimookomaaniwaki-Wegimaajin.
Federal status. The State of Michigan recognized the

Michiganing nisidawaabanjigaazowag 1985.
Burt Lake Band in 1985. They await the federal

1836 ako-baabiitoonaawaa ji-nisidawaabanjigaazowaad.
re-affirmation, first received in 1836.

About the Exhibit

Future Cache at the University of Michigan Museum of Art

In Andrea Carlson Future Cache, a 40-foot-tall memorial wall towers over visitors, commemorating the Cheboiganing (Burt Lake) Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians who were violently burned from their land in Northern Michigan on October 15, 1900. Written across the walls above and around the memorial, a statement proclaims Anishinaabe rights to the land we stand on: “You are on Anishinaabe Land.”

Visit the exhibit at the University of Michigan Museum of Art

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