Verb Type I - What Happens

Verb Type I – What Happens

The first of four lessons about verb types.

  • Anishinaabemowin is very descriptive. Most of the language involves explaining what is happening.
  • The first of the four main verb types describes the world around you. No one is doing anything. Something is just happening.
  • This lesson is presented with help from Sean Kennedy of White Earth Nation, living now in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Verb Types 1-1

1. Minogizhebaawagad.
It’s a good morning.

Verb Types 1-2

2. Aaniin ezhiwebag agawajiing?
What is happening outside?
* "aaniin" is used to ask questions as well as say hello.

Verb Types 1-3

3. Gimewon. Ziigwan.
It is raining. It is spring.
* Ziigwan refers to ziigwanibiisaa (it is pouring water in little bits). This happens at a specific time of year, after the animkiig (thunders) animkodaadiwag (are projecting rumbling noises with each other). After these spring stroms the ground is good for growing which is why in some areas the word for spring is minogamig (mino = good, gamig = a place, building or land.)

Verb Types 1-4

4. Abaate. Niibin.
It is warm. It is summer.

Verb Types 1-5

5. Dagwagin. Madwebagaasin.
It is fall. There is a resonating sound being made by leaves in the blowing wind.
* This word is a combination of word parts that describe exactly what is happening – "madwe" means a resonating sound, "bag" refers to a leaf or leaves, "aasin" indicates the wind is blowing.

Verb Types 1-6

6. Biboon. Zoogipomagad.
It is winter. It is snowing.
* Biboon relates to "booni" which means to quit and "boonii" to land after flying.

Verb Types 1-7

7. Biidaaban.
Dawn comes.

Verb Types 1-8

8. Gigizhebaawagad.
It is morning.

Verb Types 1-9

9. Naawakwe.
It is midday / noon.

Verb Types 1-10

10. Onaagoshin.
It is evening.

Verb Types 1-11

11. Bangishimon.
It is sunset or moonset.

Verb Types 1-12

12. Dibikad.
It is night.

Verb Types 1-13

13. Debwemagad.
It is true.

Verb Types 1-14

14. Maamakaadendaagwad.
It is amazing.