Verb Type 3 – “Oon” or “in” Second Endings

Let’s review when to use our first and second endings:

When to use First Endings:

  • It is the first verb in the sentence, and it is not an “A” Question.

When to use Second Endings:

  • It is an “A” Question.
  • It is the Second, Third, Fourth…. verb in the sentence.
  • The sentences starts with “if… “and… then…” you can use second endings throughout the sentence.

You’ve had practice using second endings for Verb Type 1, Verb Type 2, and Verb Type 3 – “an” endings. Now let’s learn and practice using Verb Type 3 – “oon” or “in” endings. When reviewing the chart below you will notice you do not use any prefixes when using a Second Ending.

Pronoun In Ojibwe Pronoun In English Single Statement
*remove the “n” and conjugate
* add (an) for plural sometimes
Question or Connected
*remove the “n” and conjugate
* no plural form needed
niin I ni + verb + n (an)
nin (initial d,j,g,z,zh)
nim (initial b)
nind (initial vowel)
verb + yaan / yaanh
giin you gi + verb + n (an)
gid (initial vowel)
gim (initial b)
verb + yan / yin
wiin he / she o + verb + n (an) verb + d
niinawind just us ni + verb + min
nin (initial d,j,g,z,zh)
nim (initial b)
nind (initial vowel)
verb + yaang
giinawind all of us gi + verb + min
gid (initial vowel)
gim (initial b)
verb + yang / ying
giinawaa you all gi + verb + naawaa (n)
gid (initial vowel)
gim (initial b)
verb + yeg
wiinawaa them o + verb + naawaa (n) verb + waad

Below are some examples using Verb Type 3 – “oon” and “in” Second Endings. Can you identify the root verbs? Can you identify the nouns and tense markers? Try identifying these as your read through the sentences.


1. Noongom niwii-biinitoon ataasowin gaye nanaa’itooyaan mazinaabikiwebinigan.
Today I will clean the closet and fix the computer.


2. Obiidoon bimiwanaan miinawaa wii-azisidood ozhibii’igewigamigong.
He/she brings the backpack and will put it in a certain place the office (writing place).


3. Gimaawanjitoomin waagaangoon daa-miijiyang noongom dibikak.
All of us collect bell peppers to maybe eat tonight.


4. Aaniin apii gaa-ozhitoowaad jiimaan?
When did they build the canoe?

Aanikanootan (Translate It)

Now that you have practiced reading and identifying the various word parts, try to translate the following sentences. Underline the root verb and make note of when the verb and noun are plural. Do you notice that sometimes the noun is plural but the verb does not become plural? This is because niinawind and giinawind pronouns do not receive plural verb endings. There is also no plural verb endings on “A” questions or connected thoughts.


1. Where did you clean the strawberries and blueberries?
Root Verb: biinitoon
Note: both nouns are plural, but the verb is singular. The verb does not become plural when using second endings.
2. Winter boots he/she picks up and brings it inside.
Root Verbs: mamoon & biindigadoon
Note: the noun and the first verb are plural. The second verb does not become plural because second endings are used.
3. Why did you all just eat the pig meat?
Root Verb: miijin
Note: both the noun and verb are singular.
4. Just us hang the coats and pick up the pants.
Root Verbs: agoodoon & mamoon
Note: both nouns are plural. The verbs do not become plural when the pronoun is niinawind.

Bizindan (Listen to It)

Listen to the conversation below. Do you recognize any vocabulary or word parts?


A: Where did you place my sandwich?
A: Oh my, what should I eat then?
B: You should eat vegetables.
A: I would rather eat poop.

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